The United States has become much more aware of agroterrorism over the years. With that in mind, the policy of how the US responds to such situations has also shifted remarkably over the years. Prior to the attacks of September 11, agroterrorism was something that was mostly handled by the Army. The Army Environmental Policy institute released recommendations, and combined with the FDA, the government monitored situations actively, but not with a particular focus. That changed after September 11. Given the heightened understanding of the many threats out there, the government began to focus much more on the topic. In 2003, the Senate hosted a hearing on potential agroterrorism threats, giving the topic new life in policy (Cupp, Walker, Hillison, 2004). The Department of Homeland Security became much more concerned with agroterrorism, and the United States instituted more policies to protect against contamination in the American food supply.

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The United States currently uses the Agricultural Intelligence Working Group to defect threats and snuff them out. This is a meeting of the minds with members of various agencies, including those from the FDA, USDA, FBI, and other units (Monke, 2006). The idea is that with many minds coming together, it may be possible to detect threats before they hit. FBI scientists also spend significant time testing various plants and animal products. The FBI conducts serious investigations, sometimes in concert with the Department of Homeland Security, to see whether various parts of the food economy have been compromised.

In addition, the federal government partners with local organizations and private farmers through what is known as AgGuard. AgGuard is a portal where local farmers can share information, giving the FBI the ability to detect problems before they become too big (Breeze, 2004). If problems were to occur, the FBI has the power, along with the USDA and FDA, to remove items from the shelves and essentially commandeer various industries until things are properly operating again.