The development of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in society has been profound as technologies have allowed scientists and researchers to gain access to a broader database of geographical landmarks, areas and features, all unique with respect to location. In the 21st century, advancements in technology have allowed GIS to have a larger influence on the way people live their lives and how societies can further develop and provide a more sustainable way of living. This paper will accordingly analyze how GIS benefits within society, businesses, corporations and people. It will also provide a number of supporting examples, which will effectively demonstrate the application of various GIS models and how dependent society has become on this unique and advanced type of technology (Bolstad, 2005).
With respect to how GIS benefits corporations in global society, it provides a gateway to a greater knowledge base and allows corporations to more effectively map a larger customer or client base. It firstly allows corporations to provide their customers with a more rewarding experience with respect to the knowledge that can be conveyed. For example, clients and customers within a consulting business, can be provided with technologies based on GIS that can enhance the way customers navigate or live their lives. Corporations can use more advanced GIS technologies to determine areas of populations that are more advantageous than others. Trends with respect to customers and clients can also be mapped by the organization so that they can more effectively profile individuals and ensure that they target the appropriate theme or group type within society (Graham et al, 2012).
The use of GIS data mining is particularly significant to large corporations as it allows them to determine trends in client data and target specific areas of databases that would be more advantageous to the business. Furthermore, environmental corporations are particularly assisted by this GIS technology as they can more effectively map environmental areas and determine animals and species that require attention. Scientists in large corporations can use a comprehensive and very specific data set to determine areas of weakness and where they can improve the overall environmental climate and society. Interactions are carefully mapped via a variety of different GIS systems including hydrographic analysis, which in turn, allows large environmental corporations to target volatile or fragile environments under water and along crucial coastlines. Despite a distinct focus on the work that environmental groups and companies carry out, corporations as a whole are also greatly enhanced as a result of this technology and with respect to how they can improve the technology and respective geographical capabilities of the business as a whole. As stipulated in this paper earlier, more effective and better database management is the key to GIS and its profound impacts on larger corporations (Graham et al, 2012).
In addition to what has already been discussed, the application of semantics in GIS can also be useful in assisting large corporations in society and is one other large benefit of the overall technology system. Semantics involves data integration and provides large corporations and businesses, irrespective of their main goals or industry, problem solve and identify significant issues with their data systems and the technology that they use to manage their accounts and finances (Bolstad, 2005). For example, the loss of data can be easily rectified using semantics and can subsequently allow large corporations to retrieve vital data that was once lost. For example, in large corporations such as Banks, semantics is crucial in ensuring that data on respective customers is kept up to date and that this data on older customers who have remained loyal to the company is retained or recovered. Any issues with large data systems that involve financial customers and large sums of money need to be quickly rectified and GIS systems such as semantics can assist companies in conducting this and overcoming future challenges with technology. Semantics also plays an active role in the business and operations of large Information Technology companies such as Apple and Samsung. In fact Apple and Samsung incorporate a large number of GIS applications in their mapping tools on their tablets and smartphones. This will subsequently be covered later in this paper particularly in a more extensive analysis of the benefits of GIS on people and other businesses alike (Bolstad, 2005).
GIS systems also have a large impact on people in society and can benefit people with respect to providing technology that can enhance their lives, prolong life and make basic operations that much easier in any chosen industry. GIS provides topographical mapping and analysis of extensive databases that can allow people to more carefully analyze the environment and perform individual studies and analyses of trends in the environment. For example, the role of the environmental biologist or engineer is enhanced with the addition of crucial GIS mapping systems. Such systems can provide databases and a number of key geographical and also geometrical tools (Graham et al, 2012). A common case study that is used by people in the 21st century is the analysis of different ecosystems. Ecosystems consist of a number of different variables and features, all which require an analysis of such factors as topography, slope of mountains and fields, temperature, area, the dimensions of particular characteristics and many other highly significant factors. To start with such an analysis, GIS systems can provide a computerized version of the area of study, based on images and pictures from Satellites, which are broadcasting within the localized area.
Once the area has been effectively and comprehensively mapped, scientists can then move onto more intricate details of the geographical area (Graham et al, 2012). Mobile tools that incorporate GPS systems can also be carried by people out in the field and GIS systems can allow people to instantly change the details of an area and to have a more efficient and profound impact on areas of science. Another example of the benefits of GIS on people is the role of Google Earth and Google Maps. Both of these entities incorporate, surprisingly, a number of different GIS applications. The recent Google project of extending the life and usefulness of Google Maps was effective and a more comprehensive study of some of the environmental areas of Australia revealed that GIS systems constantly broaden our active scope of environments. In 2015, people now have a broader database of Australian environments and Google is now focusing on the Yosemite national park and surrounding areas in the United States, in order to further expand knowledge bases and databases alike (Bolstad, 2005).
GIS systems also allow people to rectify previous problems and issues concerning technology and data systems. People as a result of GIS systems are now readily recognizing flaws in systems such as Google Earth and Google Maps, which greatly assist people in their everyday lives. The feedback mechanisms used in GIS systems are also significant such as the Data capture capabilities of different GIS technologies. Data capture allows people to take numerous shots and photos of areas of concern and to be provided with a clearer and more up to date picture of the area of concern (Bolstad, 2005). More detailed analyses can be provided as a result of data capture and scientists in more corporate situations can improve the previous weaknesses. GS uncertainty has also been of major concern to people and their ability to trust GIS systems particularly when they are travelling or are in highly intensive situations away from their homes or the mainland. The use of GIS in military combat systems and scenarios is particular beneficial and people have been able to better target enemies and help allies via improved location services (Bolstad, 2005). Furthermore, GIS systems allow military members to perform their roles more effectively and to return to their homes and families within a shorter period of time.
Additionally, it must also be mentioned that GIS systems have contributed greatly towards the development of unique phone and laptop technologies. Much of the technology that is provided to society through Iphones or other types of smartphones used GIS systems such as location services on phones. People can now use GPS maps on their phones to easily traverse along an area or in a location that is unknown to them. GIS systems can also allow people to travel throughout the wilderness safely and with the knowledge of where to return to and how to locate home. As mentioned with respect to the advantages of and benefits of GIS systems to military corps, geographical systems make society a safer place and ensure that operations and large projects or jobs are completed quickly (Graham et al, 2012).
Also with respect to the benefits of GIS systems on people, they make daily parts of our lives more efficient and user friendly. People can now more heavily rely on technology as a result of increased accuracy and reliability associated with comprehensive GIS systems. Over the last five years in particular, satellite technology has improved to the point where technology is now a viable alternative to more traditional ways of working and living each day (Graham et al, 2012). For example, people can now trust technology to locate entities or businesses in large databases and people now have more time to pursue more significant studies and operations. Society and people as a whole, are now more efficient and contribute more to each other in the short and long term.
GIS systems also greatly benefit businesses throughout society and worldwide. As previously analyzed in this paper, large corporations are provided with a wealth of knowledge and databases that can easily be enhanced and provide crucial financial information particularly in the financial services industry. Businesses apart from large corporations, can also use GIS systems to improve society overall and ensure that it continues to rapidly develop. For example, building businesses are now provided with a very useful technology through enhancements in GIS systems. (Graham et al, 2012). GIS systems allow builders to more accurately measure the slope, angles and dimensions of materials and engineering is subsequently improved further. Many of the large buildings and bridges that are built on a daily basis worldwide, are more innovative and enhanced as a result of more comprehensive GIS systems (Bolstad, 2005). Furthermore, businesses can incorporate GIS systems irrespective of their industry or their main focuses. A finance firm can as easily incorporate GIS systems to improve their financial data as doctors and dentists can improve their geospatial technology with respect to mapping out new hip or bone replacements. Additionally, most businesses are highly computerized in the 21st century and the advent of more creative and enhanced GIS systems with only improve their respective efficiencies further and allow society overall, to achieve more and to develop a quicker rate than before (Bolstad, 2005).
In conclusion, this paper has proven that GIS systems greatly benefit people, corporations and businesses within global societies. It has also argued that GIS systems do not discriminate between industries or the type of businesses that are using the specific technology. Furthermore, societies have the potential to achieve so much more through this highly innovative and forever changing technology.