Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal cord injuries vary with severity and symptoms depending on the location of the injury. The general principle is that the higher up the spine the injury occurs the more the amount of damage it will cause to the body. Therefore in Bob and Jacks case, one will be affected by the car accident more than the other despite the degree of damage to the spine is similar. Bob suffers from a lower back spinal injury which means that he will have mild effects. He is likely to have loss of function in his hip and legs (Saladin 503). He will also be expected to face difficulties in controlling his bowels or bladders unless it is with the help of special equipment. Bod may need a wheelchair depending on the strength in his legs. His likelihood of walking again depends on the severity of the injury and the exact location on the lower back that is injured. People with sacral verve injuries have a higher possibility of walking again.
On the other hand, Jack will likely be rendered a quadriplegic by the accident due to damage on his neck spinal cord region. Essentially this kind of damage will paralyze most functions below the neck region. He will lose function to his arms, hands, torso, and legs. The patient will have a lot of difficulties breathing, coughing and controlling their bowels and bladder on their own especially if the damage is on the higher cervical nerves (Saladin 503). In addition, Jack may experience speech impairment. He will also have a lot of difficulties in handling day to day activities. He will need assistance even to do the most minimal tasks. Accordingly, he will need around the clock care. Therefore, jack will be severely affected by the accident as opposed to Bob.
Short-Term Memory Loss
After Jorge’s accident, he could remember everything that happened prior which indicates that his long-term memory was intact. However, he had difficulties remembering events that had just transpired. For instance, he could not remember television shows he had just watched. Accordingly, this indicates that he had experienced damage on his hippocampus. This is the portion of the brain responsible that converts short-term memories to long-term ones (Saladin 515). The patient is able to cognitively experience events but they are not stored as long-term memory hence forgetfulness.
Memory loss due to brain trauma often elicits complicated reactions. Often, issues relating to memory are difficult to treat. In most cases, it is not possible to restore the brain to its original functioning where Jorge is able to learn new things and remember them promptly. There are very few medical interventions that can actually help Jorge regain his short-term memory. However, with proper consultation with their neurologists, it is possible to find something that will help him. Although, it will not return him to the person he was before the accident.
Accordingly, it is highly unlikely, that Jorge will recover from the accident. The best intervention in the issue is to apply compensatory strategies. These include supplementing his memory with data storage devices. He can use books, notepads and even mobile phones to put down things he is scheduled to remember. Although there is a polarizing debate on the effect of these activities on the patient, they are argued to help them. When Jorge enters information into a computer or notes it down a to-do list there is a possibility that it might actually help him strengthen his neural links to memory trace in his brain.