In 1945 George Orwell published the novel “Animal Farm”, which can be characterized as satiric, since, in addition to a major criticism, it makes a parody and burlesque imitation of the different personalities who have great power during the first half of the twentieth century in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union of Stalin. The work is also considered a fable as it has reflections and because the characters are represented by different farm animals. In this paper, in addition to demonstrating this satire of the Stalinist regime in the “Animal Farm”. This novel is a critique of dictatorships but especially of the regime in Soviet Russia, in the period before the World War 2. Certain characters portray Lenin, being portrayed as the Pig Major, Trotsky as the pig Snowball as well as Stalin, who is the Pig Napoleon.
The principal thesis of the work is that press and the liberty of speech is crucial for the democracy. In n the preface to his novel “Animal Farm” the author made a critique of strong censorship. The reason that the prologue has this theme is because the author wanted to draw attention to these facts and because the novel was rejected by four publishers as a result of receiving censorship popular literary works of this style. One of them was determined to publish it, but he preferred to consult with the Ministry of Information and the latter had warned him and severely warned about their publication. This was because the book criticized the Soviets, so faithfully following the historical course that could only be applied to that country. While Orwell said that there was no official censorship by the state, it stressed that the ruling class and intellectual had a great admiration for Stalin’s Russia, and that is why, that any article that criticized it would be reproached spontaneously by society as “not right to talk about it” without the influence of a lobbyist. He says even allowed to criticize the British government but not Soviet. That’s why saying “If freedom means anything, is the right to tell others what you do not want to hear” or at one stage of the book “Can you not understand that liberty is worth more than just ribbons? (Orwell, 1945)”
- Orwell, G.1945. Animal Farm: A Fairy Story. Secker and Warburg.