Architectural engineers use ideologies to plan, design, and create structures. They work with architects and other engineers to accomplish their task. The focus of the annotation bibliography will be the historical development of architectural engineering, the influence of traditional cultural heritage of modern buildings, and the importance of combining architecture with structural engineering. Jokilehto, Jukka. History of Architectural Conservation. Routledge, 2007. Google Books.
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The writers focus on the history of architecture and look at the significant changes that have taken place over time. They identify the development and origin of the modern approach, which mainly restores or conserves ancient historical monuments for research. The modern society recognizes the essence and responsibility of the definition of structures and objects with a heritage and historical relevance. Present architectural engineers use the cultural meaning and historical heritage of ancient structures to make policies that restore, conserve, and protect them regardless of current changes. Cultural heritage provides places with recognizable features that embody human experience. The writers contribute to the overview of the traditional and cultural heritage in construction and provide insights into the modern architectural engineer’s motivation from a historical point of view.
Leatherbarrow, David. “Bridging Engineering and Architecture.” Montreal Architectural Review 1 (2014): 1-10. Google Scholar. Web. 22 Oct. 2016.
David Leatherbarrow examines the gap between engineering and architecture and suggests how to consolidate them for the benefit of the student. He considers the art and science of engineering and the professional input of the engineer to be vital in the process of producing a wholesome practitioner. Engineers cannot stake their practice on technology without considering the contributions of science to the technician’s ability. He argues that the science behind architecture offers engineers with the power to overcome the technical limitations that technology imposes. Architectures as professionals with freedom of design while the engineers work on the function of necessity, which limits them. Their differences cause a conflict, for example, between possible realities such as the mathematical projections of an engineer and the real possibilities, for instance, the cultural engagements of an architect. The article differentiates between architecture and architecture engineering.
Addis, William. Building: 3000 Years of Design Engineering and Construction. Phaidon Press, 2007. Google Scholar. Web. 22 Oct. 2016.
The book contains the details of the historical architectural developments from 3000 BC. It offers insight into the ancient Egyptian, Sumerian, Irish, Minoan, and Greek architecture. It looks at the traditional buildings, for example, the conventional Greek designs had four sides and were often rectangular. The historical models and principles of design present in the history of building engineering have shifted over time to the present American skyscrapers’. The researchers offer a contrast to the traditional models of contractions, which were a function of cultural heritage, and the modern designs, materials, and techniques that are heavily dependent on technology.
Ching, Francis D. K., Mark M. Jarzombek, and Vikramaditya Prakash. A Global History of Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
The writers offer insight into the possible design outlook of the various buildings from a different time in the history of architectural engineering. Each of the timeline presented has drawings that illustrate the nature of the buildings and how it related to the culture of the time. The book contributes to the research because it offers a timeline of the building designs development from the initial urbanization to the present models.
Architectural engineers use ideologies to plan, design, and create structures. Modern architecture and building design, although advanced because of dependence on technology, offers an insight into the importance of cultural heritage in construction. A combined application of the science of architecture and engineering is essential to the conservation of modern and historical designs in construction.

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    References
  • Addis, William. Building: 3000 Years of Design Engineering and Construction. Phaidon Press, 2007. Google Scholar. Web. 22 Oct. 2016.
  • Ching, Francis D. K., Mark M. Jarzombek, and Vikramaditya Prakash. A Global History of Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
  • Jokilehto, Jukka. History of Architectural Conservation. Routledge, 2007. Google Books. Web.
  • Leatherbarrow, David. “Bridging Engineering and Architecture.” Montreal Architectural Review 1 (2014): 1-10. Google Scholar. Web. 22 Oct. 2016.