Organizational design and control are facilitated by the concepts associated with administrative management. Organizations have various structural and cultural foundations that assist in managing operations to enhance productivity (Dubrin, 2011). These aspects make organizations exhibit different management strategies, but the administrative management theory seems to unearth a harmonized model of administration in all organizations. The theory attempts to find a practical way through which organizations can be managed in a logical way. The classical management theory, as postulated by Herri Fayol, Mary Parker Follet and Max Weber, combines the aspects of organizational structure, division of labor, financial incentives and leadership in the management of organizations (Chandra, 2012).
The use of administrative principles is the management of an organization is imperative in the development of ideologies along which organizational perspectives are embedded. These principles can be acquired through organizational hierarchies and structures that support the functions of an organization. According to Fayol, the management of an organization must lay strategic focus on the most appropriate structure that is a critical construct of increasing efficiency. These management activities should be promoted by practices that can be used in creating the culture of the organization. The effectiveness and output of employees within an organization can be improved through continuous educational and professional development (Sarker & Khan, 2013). This can be achieved through training in the areas of organizational focus. In the principles of administration, Fayol argues that the distribution of labor and discipline are also very elemental towards heightening the ultimate productivity of an organization. Organizational administrators and leaders must also strive to attain high levels of employee motivation through involvement and appropriate remuneration. As a result, committing administrative resources and adequate structures is a realistic way of increasing the definitive throughput within an organization (Dubrin, 2011).
The success of an organization depends on its ability to maintain focus on the areas of concentration. In order to achieve high levels of attention, Mary Parker Follet emphasized the importance of the establishment of goals and objectives in the organization (Chandra, 2012). Organizational administrators must involve all employees in the establishment and implementation of the goals to instill consistency in the operations of the organization. In order to achieve this, Follet suggested that administrators must strive to incorporate leadership, power and ethics in their governance. These use of these aspects is a realistic way is used in eliminating the use of excess authority and command to dictate employees in an organization. Involvement of workers is collaboration technique that is applied in organizations to increase their levels of participation. This is acquired through enhancing progressive communication at all levels of the organization (Sarker & Khan, 2013). Employees should also be involve in decision-making process. This is essential because it increases the diversity of the ideas that are generated which is indispensable in planning and risk management.
Max Weber stressed the importance of creating a healthy relational environment between organizational administrators and employees (Dubrin, 2011). The use of bureaucracy in the administration of the organizations assist in the elimination of impersonal management manifested in informal forms of leadership. Indifferent organizational management is open of the factors that lead to the misuse of power and authority to the employees that lead to the lack of motivation (Sarker & Khan, 2013). The engagement of all staff members in the activities of an organization through delegation of responsibilities and professional specialization is paramount towards increasing competence and output. The formulation of regulations and rules in the organizations is also important in the creation of standard operation protocols. These rules can also assist in upholding integrity and respect among the members of the team by giving guidance on the interactions that occur.
- Chandra, B. (2012). Principles of Management and Administration. Delhi: PHI Learning Publisher
- Sarker, S.I. & Khan, M.R. (2013). Classical Approaches of Management. Journal of Business Management. 14(6):1-5.
- Dubrin, A. (2011). Essentials of Management. Boston: Cengage Learning.