This paper provides an outline of the three main objectives, which form an integral part of convergence of IT and Physical Activity. In introducing the topic, physical security and sufficient IT measures are crucial in maintaining the integrity and efficiency of an organization. Physical security ensures that assets are well maintained and kept secure. Furthermore, it ensures that information technology is kept highly protected and that no breaches occur, which could compromise the operations of an organization.

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The first objective that the paper will focus on is the identification of organizational risk exposure and cost effective mitigation strategies Organizations must be weary of the potential risks that their security systems and measures may impose particularly if they do involve substantial holdings or assets. This objective will further expand on asset protection and the association between protecting a company’s assets and the inherent risks that they cause. Within the references of research, there is evidence to suggest that financial organizations are more at risk to security breaches and attempts by third parties to obtain particular and highly sensitive information. Therefore, the requirement for analysis of organization security risk exposure exists and must be addressed by respective organizations. Cyber threats and terrorism are one of the main causes of security breaches in respective organizations and are one such reason why organizations need mitigation strategies to assist in either preventing the occurrence of this threat or quickly employing strategies to reduce its detrimental influence across the organizations or even other organizations that it works with. The paper will divide this objective into a number of components focusing firstly, on how organizations identify organizational security risk exposure and why it is such a significant part of any organization regardless of their function. Examples will be provided involving the potential risks associated with organizations structures and information technology systems.

The second component of the first objective will look at the identification of cost-effective mitigation strategies, which can assist in improving the effectiveness of the organizations respective security systems and integrity of its information technology databases. Mitigation strategies will look at such mechanisms as the employment of security personnel to protect physical assets as well as the implementation of wide ranging security systems, which monitor the company’s information technology and respective assets. Tracking devices and software will also be analyzed as effective mitigation strategies for preventing an external source from accessing crucial information and essentially compromising the integrity and success of an organization. Preparing for recovery strategies will also be analyzed as there may be instances where external sources are able to access secure information and have the autonomy to benefit from the particular organization. Upon detecting breaches, organizations need to know how to reduce their impact. Response teams and tracking devices will be evaluated in this section.

The second objective that the paper will critically analyze is the concepts of information security, personnel security and physical security. The security of an organization comprises these three types of security and they need to be understood and strategies effectively implemented to sufficiently manage them. The paper will look at how information security focuses on securing highly sensitive information within an organization and ensuring that the organization has the resources to protect any information that it deals with or develops. For example, information security could potentially be maintained by effective secure systems that cater for highly classified information that can not easily be obtained. Furthermore, information needs to be kept in a secure location and constantly monitored to the point where access is only given to personnel who have the correct classifications. Additionally, personnel security in this paper will focus on the monitoring of actions of people employed by the organization and how third parties are monitored and prevented from gaining access to unauthorized information. This is crucial as unauthorized can gain access to highly sensitive information and can potentially cause security breaches.

Organizations will often focus on protecting their information technology from being violated or breached from external stakeholders but will never expect that their internal employees may be violating or breaching their systems. Personnel security focuses on ensuring that highly sensitive information is kept secure from all unauthorized persons irrespective of their rank or status within the organization. The paper will also expand on how employees and third parties must adhere to well structured procedures that manage risk and control the processing and security of information that is produced and released by the particular organization. Physical security management is also essential to an organization and will be effectively expanded upon in the paper. The physical security of systems and information technology focuses on the organization being provided with adequate facilities to secure its systems whether they be large information technology processors or simply security rooms where information can be stored and protected.

The third objective that will be looked upon in the paper is the traditional justice roles and distinguishing between these roles, functions and concepts. Traditional criminal justice roles focus on how the organization can implement particular systems for monitoring the justice of its employees. The particular organization needs to be weary of how to appropriately manage the security of its assets and any employees who may be found to have breached its many and varied security systems. It also needs to relate its respective security systems to that of society. Society provides overarching guidance on criminal justice roles that allows organizations to have some authority over the unjust or criminal actions of its employees when they are unethical or do not adhere to disciplinary guidelines.