The population of Mexico has experienced a significant growth especially towards the end of the 20th Century. This increase in population caused an increase in the number of Mexican immigrants in the US. According to statistics, the overall population growth is slowing down. From the year 2030, the working-age population will begin to reduce (Zuniga, E.).
As a result of the extensive demographic growth of the second half of the 20th Century, in conjunction with the rapid expansion of female market-labor participation, development of a significant economic active population (EAP) was observed. There was a significant increase in the migration of Mexicans into the US. This resulted in a rapid growth of the Mexican-born population in the North America leading to the growth of a few concentrated Mexican states in the US such as Jalisco. Additionally, the Mexican immigrants performed various types of jobs which were in demand across the US.
The number of Mexican migrants in North America doubled during the end of the 20th Century. From the year 2000 and onwards, the growth slowed slightly. Similarly, the number of Mexican migrants’ flow into the US increased during the last three decades of the 20th Century (Zuniga, E.). From there on, the growth continues but at a much slower rate. It is evident that in the following years, the annual migration flow of Mexicans into North America has evidently decreased according to the US Census Bureau’s current population survey report. This was caused by the significant increase in the US border enforcement which was aimed at preventing illegal immigration into the country. Moreover, there was a reduction in the US labour markets for Mexicans. This has been promoted by the onset of the US economic crisis.
In relation to skilled labour, during the period between 1985 and 1990, only a quarter of Mexican immigrants into the US had completed High School education or its equivalent. Over time, this portion increased mostly between the period of 2000 to 2005 (Impact of Mexican Immigration on Wages and Prices in the United States | Center for Immigration Studies). The number of immigrants with intermediate education level was more than the number of the immigrants with higher education. Over the years, the number of immigrants with intermediate and higher levels of education has increased in America over the past 15 years. The Mexican professional population in the US is significantly substantial when compared to their equivalent group back in Mexico (Impact of Mexican Immigration on Wages and Prices in the United States | Center for Immigration Studies. The number of these educated Mexicans in the US is rapidly growing as compared to their equivalents in Mexico.
- Impact of Mexican Immigration on Wages and Prices in the United States | Center for Immigration Studies:. 30 November 2016. 30 November 2016.
- Zuniga, E. “The Implications for Skilled Migration.” Demographic Trends in Mexico (2008): 1 to 4 .