Diabetes is one of the most chronic medical conditions across the globe. The medical condition is characterized with high levels of sugar the blood of the victims (MedlinePlus, 2014). The presence of diabetes in the victims is accelerated by numerous reasons. Some of the factors that lead to the diabetes includes natural and behavioral predisposing factors that increase the risk of infection among the victims. This includes family history that is driven by genetic factors and the dietary influences in the victims (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Age and ethnicity are also some of the factors that affect the demographic presentation of the victims with diabetes. In order to manage the symptoms and complications associated with the medical condition, the victims need to seek prompt medical attention.
Diabetes is manifested in various forms among the victims. This is because of the different types of diabetes that affect the predisposed populations. The most common types of diabetes includes type 1, type 2, gestational and juvenile diabetes. The physiological presentations and the signs and symptoms are the main differences between these types of diabetes (Mayo Clinic, 2013). The affected populations also show various differences among the victims.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common diabetes among the victims across the world (MedlinePlus, 2014). This is a chronic medical condition that can be lifelong on the victims due to very high levels of glucose in the blood of the victims. Insulin is the hormone that is responsible for the regulation of the levels of sugar in the body. This is because it assist in the conversion of the excess glucose to be stored in the body and later be used for energy production (Mayo Clinic, 2013). In the victims of type 2 diabetes, the muscles, liver and fats of the victims do not have the appropriate responses to the insulin due to insulin resistance. Consequently, the glucose in the blood is not sored in the cells for energy production. As a result, high level of sugar develops in the blood. The overweight and obese people are highly affected by the medical condition.
Type 1 diabetes is known to be caused by environmental and genetic factors (WebMD, 2014). Viruses may be involved as the possible causative agents of the medical condition. The immune system of the body can attack and destroy the cells that are responsible for the production of the insulin and thus leading to low or the lack of insulin in the body. As a result, the glucose in the blood cannot be converted into the cells for use leading to health challenges. The victims of this type of diabetes are subjected to daily insulin injections in order to monitor the amount of sugar in their blood (Mayo Clinic, 2013).
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that mostly occurs during pregnancy. During this period, there is an inconsistency in the amount of hormones that are produced in the body and their levels are likely to rise above the normal. This c affect the production and action of insulin in the body. In some of the victims, this condition is temporary while it is permanent on others (Mayo Clinic, 2013). Continued effects of this type of diabetes can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes among the victims.
Juvenile diabetes is a type 1 diabetes that is usually manifested in children. The common causes of the condition is the lack of the production of insulin due to the destruction of the pancreases in the juveniles (American Diabetes Association, 2014). This type of diabetes is also referred to as insulin dependent diabetes because the juveniles with this conditions need a constant supply of the hormone in order to enhance their survival through the reduction of the amount of the amount of glucose in the blood to promote its utility in the cells of the body to produce energy.
There are various medical interventions that are used in the management of type 2 diabetes. The type of intervention used depends on the preferences of the patients and the experts depending on the assessment of the patients. The prescription of drugs is one of the interventions that is used in the management of the condition. The use of metformin (biguanides) 500 grams is very common among the type 2 diabetes victims. The drug is administered through the mouth twice in a day to the patients. After its absorption into the bodies, the drug improves the tolerance of glucose among the victims. The drug assist in the lowering of the postprandial and basal plasma glucose to assist in improving the symptoms among the patients (Drugs.com, 2014). There are various considerations that need to be addressed in order to promote the action of the drug among the victims. This includes the dietary and lifestyle considerations that are likely to inhibit the action of this medical treatment. The food substances with extreme levels of glucose and alcohol contents have a lot of effects on the metformin on the metabolism of lactate which can inhibit the physiological action of the drugs and thus reducing the quality of the interventions (Drugs.com, 2014).
Type 2 diabetes has various impacts on the patients. This is shown by the extreme effects of the symptoms especially if prompt medical attention is not acquired from the patients. Some of the complications includes complications in the kidneys, skin and bladder (MedlinePlus, 2014). High levels of thirst and blurred vision. The victims also experience erectile dysfunctions and pain and numbness on the hands and feet (WebMD, 2014). The drugs that are prescribed by the medical experts are very essential in the management and mitigation of the symptoms to increase the quality of life of the patients.
- Mayo Clinic, (2013). Types of Diabetes and living with the condition. Available at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/expert-blog/types-of-diabetes/bgp-20056516
- American Diabetes Association, (2014). Diabetes. Available at http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-1/
- Drugs.com, (2014). Metformin. Available at http://www.drugs.com/pro/metformin.html
- MedlinePlus, (2014). Type 2 Diabetes. Available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000313.htm
- WebMD, (2014). Type 2 Diabetes. Available at http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/type-2-diabetes