Gamal Abdul Nasser stressed that the July 23rd revolution was about gaining independence from the British military presence existing in Egypt at the time. The two revolutions Nasser referred two were about politics and social justice. The political revolution was about fighting to gain independence from oppression, and a revolution of social justice for the rights of all Egyptians that ends class conflict. It could be that the challenges he saw in the duality had to do with Egypt being parts of the histories of Africa and the Muslim world, and that they were both experiencing similar oppressions that had been experienced by Egypt before the revolution.
Nasser’s socialist ideology and policies include the elimination of imperialism and feudalism, the abolition of economic monopolies and the control of capital over government, and establishing social justice. He views class conflict in Marxian terms as a way of demonstrating how one class of people monopolizes the economic and social privileges of a society. Imperialism and economic exploitation are central to Nasser’s thinking, where both bear a relationship with oppression and class distinctions.
Egyptian foreign policy under Nasser were focused on Pan-Arabism, Arab socialism and positive neutralism. He believed that Egypt was more allied with the history and interests of the Arab world rather than that of Africa. He also believed that positive neutralism was the best course for Egypt because the country could deal with any foreign entity during the Cold War. But, Arab socialism was the most important to Nasser because he didn’t believe that Egypt could move forward with his mandate towards social justice and the elimination of class conflict. The creation of a Socialist Union free of class distinctions is central to Nasser’s thinking concerning Arab unity.