The development of complex technologies has led to sophisticated Genetic Engineering processes. Genetic engineering refers to the modification of an organism’s genetic elements through artificial ways, often including the transfer of particular traits or genes, mainly from one organism to another plant or animal of different species. There are numerous fields that have applied as well as adopted Genetic engineering in the world today. Primarily, genetic engineering has been applied on crops, animals as well as human beings to go along with the advancements in the world today. The structure of genetic engineering involves the employment of technology in the alterations of most characteristics in organisms to attain modifications to address certain interests. Today, scientists are aware of the genetic code for the overall amino acids, and therefore if the order of amino acids in a protein is known, then the scientists can be able to make the protein applying the genetic code. Thus, this is the foundation of genetic engineering as genes can be taken from cells of one type of organism with the desired attribute and can be put into another organism. The details of genetic engineering are different depending on the gene as well as the organism. Bacteria/yeast cells are normally the host cells since they can easily be looked after as their genes can be modified easily as well as reproduce rapidly.
There are numerous entities that inspire the application of genetic engineering in the society. The application of genetic engineering can enhance plant as well as animal production to meet the interests of the society. According to Morgan (2003), this strategy has been employed to promote the degree of sustainability of the society owing to the continuous increase in human populations that is being witnessed across the world. To promote this process, extensive use of research is vital since it enhances the attainment of production activities that are evidence based. Also, the use of genetic engineering is vital in enhancing genetic engineering. One of the major activators that motivate genetic engineering is the application of technology to improve the value of organisms. Also, the genetic modifications assist in the alteration of the life cycle of the organisms. This can be employed to make production go fast to meet the interests of the society. But here are numerous challenges related with this process in the society. One of the greatest concerns related to genetic engineering involves health concern. Also, genetic engineering is perceived not to adhere to the natural composition of the organisms, the normal biological as well as physiological processes.
Genetic engineering presents exciting possibilities such as feeding the hungry, preventing as well as treating diseases. Nevertheless, these possibilities come with potential issues. Examples of the issues that should be considered include social, extrinsic and intrinsic concerns. Socially, the combination of animal as well as human DNA for instance, results in chimeric entities that have levels of intelligence that has never existed in nonhuman animals but lacks the rights and special protections that they can otherwise be given. Also, the issues of social, legal controls, as well as reviews, should be considered in such research. Further, unintended personal, social, as well as cultural concerns that could result, should be considered
However, the use as well as employment of genetic engineering in organism alteration should embrace an understanding approach with planned consideration of the civil as well as biological concerns relating to its employment in improving productivity as well as meeting the interests of the people in the society to reduce the related risks. In the application of genetic engineering, the scientists should take into consideration several concerns. Firstly, the public should possess enough information concerning the production as well as the application of genetic engineering in the society currently to decrease the associated risks as well as improve the degree of transparency in the events that result in genetic engineering through the experts. Secondly, increasing transparency is vital as this is a practical strategy that can provide knowledge as well as information to reduce the gap that existed between numerous players in the genetic engineering industry.
Thirdly, the level of public awareness should be increased to promote genetic engineering since it aids in the aggressive involvement of individuals as well as the civil society widely towards the development as well as positive adjustments to enhance the quality of genetic engineering and finally increase safety as well as comfort (Ferretti & Vincenzo, 2009). Fourthly, the public should participate to aid in enlarging the democratic space that concerns genetic engineering as this can help in improving the support for the prospects that promote productivity. Reiss (2001) indicates that genetic engineering highly depends on research and involving the public as well as the civil society can ensure classic availability of information to enhance the aspects of genetic engineering to enhance the degree of satisfaction as well as the quality of life. Public participation is vital in reducing the resistance that can be present in the society and can hinder the success of the advancement, adoption of the Genetic Engineering as well as the enhancement of the evolution of the genetic engineering entity (Ferretti & Vincenzo, 2009).
The application of policies as well as regulations is important in the control as well as the management of Genetic engineering based on the employment of biotechnology in the creation of organisms. Therefore, the responsible agencies, as well as government bodies, have the obligation to create the rules to give a good structure necessary for genetic engineering undertakings (Mellon, 2012). The laws that manage genetic engineering are important since it aids all the bodies that participate in the undertaking to acquire standard policies of operation to assist in carrying their operations through the eradication of any legal variations among the engineering as well as biotechnology firms (Reiss, 2001).
The policies related to genetic engineering can aid in providing the guidelines necessary for the approval as well as the achievement of the proficient as well as authentic firms for carrying out the engineering operations. Further, the policies can enhance the environment as well as human safety in relation to the application of the genetically altered products since it provides the associated authorities to employ the correct regulatory activities that promote the reliability of Genetic engineering. Thus, policies and regulations can aid in improving the vetting genetic engineering products already in the public as a means of improving their safety standards.
Genetic engineering comes with challenges that must be addressed to ensure its continuity. The challenges that are present in genetic engineering must be addressed systematically to enhance the continuous developments of productivity. Therefore, there should be enough support for the innovations as well as creations of technology to aid in enhancing genetic engineering by helping in gaining enough insight in the research as well as biotechnology. Strategic collaboration among the associated agencies as well as research institutions is vital in reducing the challenges that exist in the society. Thus, adequate emphasis on public as well as professional debates should be laid to inspire the genetic engineering areas. The commitment of adequate resources is vital in promoting the operations that relate to genetic engineering.
- Ferretti, Maria Paola, and Vincenzo Pavone. “What do civil society organisations expect from participation in science? Lessons from Germany and Spain on the issue of GMOs.” Science and Public Policy 36.4 (2009): 287. Print.
- Mellon, Margaret. “Transcript: Public Regulation of Biotechnology (Or Not).” Vt. L. Rev. 37 (2012): 1071. Print.
- Millstone, Erik, Andy Stirling and Dominic Glover. Regulating Genetic Engineering The Limits and Politics of Knowledge. Issues in Science and Technology, 31.4 (2015): 23-26. Print.
- Morgan, Sally. “Genetic Engineering.” New York: Evans Brothers Press. 2003. Print.