The Aryan society is essential in the philosophical legacy of India whose presence in the country increased significantly in between 2000 and 1500 B.C.E. Even though there are several philosophical schools of thought in India; the main ones include the Buddhist and Hindu methods. More so, these schools of thought vary in many ways with the Hindu perspectives being the most popular of the two.
There are various challenges associated with redeveloping the Indian Philosophy, especially in relation to a chronological point of view. The first reason is that there is little or no legitimate information about the authors and the dating of the content. Most of the people tasked with the sharing of this content were more focused on understanding and evaluating the concepts shared in the information. Besides that, most of these Indian perspectives came up in a similar period. The Hindu school of thought consists of two perspectives, which are the Hindu and the Non-Hindu. The Hindu philosophy is different from the Non-Hindu because it stipulates that the `Veda`, which is an early teaching as a symbol of authority.
Suffering is part of human culture and especially the Indians, who have suffered from issues such as floods and earthquakes. Since most of the philosophical activities are inspired by suffering, various questions often come up as a result. Some of the questions include, Who am I? Is freedom from possible? The nature of such matters are the main inspirations behind the Hindu and Buddhist philosophies. Additionally, in both theories, the central aspect behind any issues addressed relate to dissatisfaction with the human condition. Consequently, both philosophies address aspects such as purpose, salvation and meaning in human life.
The Indian philosophies are primarily related to concepts of deliverance from the self. The search for delivery from the self is related to the discovery of our genuine nature. For instance, one of the main goals of the Hindu perspective is to achieve enlightenment, otherwise referred to as the `Moksha`.
Another vital assertion is that Indian Philosophies also have a transformative nature. The Indian philosophy transforms the society because it encourages question in relation to enlightenment and freedom. Based on these factors, it is clear that Indian philosophy has a strong religious background. More so, the Indian Philosophy and religion share two main aspects. The first aspect is that both disciplines relate to the goal of salvation, otherwise referred to as freedom from suffering. Also, both religions mention that freedom from suffering requires a deep excursion from the `inner person`. For instance, the Sankara teachings stipulate that one must have a unique detachment from the world, must have a strong desire for liberation and more.
In western cultures, philosophy and religion are separated into different categories. The primary evidence for this separation is in colleges, whereby both disciplines are represented by various departments and categories. Regardless of its many differences and complexities, the Indian philosophy still consists of a unique unitive factor. All these philosophies are related because of the common search for enlightenment and freedom from suffering.
In viewing wisdom as compassion and knowledge, a good example would be to evaluate the term `Darshana`, which is the closest term for philosophy in Sanskrit. In particular, the term `Darshana` refers to viewing or observing. This form of observation is not just an intellectual or an academic exercise. It also involves the process of perceiving, which requires the participation of both the heart and the mind. The incorporation of the heart and mind in this process is the main component of the wisdom as well as knowledge.