Disaster mitigation includes the activities that are done towards identifying risk factors and identification of the possible measures that can be taken to control the dangers. Mitigation methods differ depending on various factors (Winchester, 2000). This include the type of disaster or risk that is under observation. The nature of the risk is also very crucial to the establishment of the necessary steps to mitigate these risks. Poor countries have various in managing these dangers.
The poor countries have the advantages of attracting funding from the developed countries for assistance. This is through the NGOs (Winchester, 2000). These organizations have the capability of soliciting funds from the resourced countries and thus assist in trying to manage and mitigate risk factors in the poor countries. These countries also benefit from other advocacy programs that are facilitated by these organizations like schools and health facilities. They also run campaigns that enable these countries to adopt activities that can lead to environmental conservation as preemptive measures to mitigate risks.
Poor countries have major challenges in terms of resources to manage these risks. This includes the technical and physical expertise that is very necessary towards achieving sufficient resilience against risks. Most risks, especially those associated with weather, require proactive measures in controlling and mitigating. Harsh environmental conditions can predispose people to various violent conditions that require sophisticated medical attention to alleviate (Regehr & Goldberg, 2002). Most poor countries do not have the resources to raise facilities that have the required standards for that regulation. There is also high need for swift reactions to emergence to enhance success in controlling these cases (Petit, 2005).
Poor countries are characterized by very harsh economic realities. This is because of the poverty rates that are evident in the family and community levels. This is one of the contributors towards exposure to violence and domestic challenges (TCADSV, 2001). The poverty levels are also a key contributor towards unethical economic activities that may lead to environmental degradation and this is a major source of harsh environmental conditions. Therefore the poor countries have the challenge of advocating for domestic stability as the most practical way of managing the ultimate risk. The financial crisis in most poor countries is an indication of how these countries are incapacitated in terms of disaster management.