According to the readings, the Ayatollah Khomeini objected to monarchy. Islam, as a religion, does not recognize monarchies or other hereditary forms of government. When the Ayatollah attempted to take power in 1979, he wanted to abolish the monarchy that had been formed. He had originally supported the idea of it. However, his views had changed over time. Khomeini wanted to replace the government of the shah with an Islamic government. Khomeini wanted to replace the government with an Islamic republic. In this way, he had come to accept the true beliefs of Islam on monarchy and types of government.
The Ayatollah Khomeini believed in the idea of an Islamic republic.

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In Islam, the ulema (or ulama) are recognized scholars who are considered to be authorities in the religious hierarchy. They are considered to be the protectors of both the Islamic religion and legal heritages. Khomeini wanted the ulema to be in charge of the Islamic republic. The ulema would have the ultimate authority in his government. One of the most important goals of the government, according to the Ayatollah, would be exporting the revolution to nearby states. He also wanted to create new types of financial, cultural, and judicial institutions.

In the writings of the Ayatollah Khomeini, there is most certainly a suggestion of the traditional feelings of martyrdom and persecution. Khomeini clearly felt that the people of the region were being persecuted under the monarchy. He discussed how monarchy was not allowed in Islam. It was a type of persecution for the people to live under this. He used this type of rhetoric in the revolution of 1979. However, he also appears to encourage martyrdom. He recognized that there was a threat to rising up against the monarchy. However, he encouraged people to recognize this as an opportunity for martyrdom.