Following the Juvenile case study featuring Jessica, rehabilitation is the best treatment option. It is established from the case that, Jessica, from an early age, has been confronted with family challenges which have placed an extra burden on her. These occurrences include her mother who we are driven to believe that she is a drug addict such that she neglects her parental responsibilities. This forces the young girl to assume the responsibility for her siblings. Since she lacks a specific means to meet their basic needs, she is forced by circumstances to illegally and dishonestly acquire them. She turned out to be violent and with the wrong crowd, expectedly, ending up in jail only to sustain an assault from the adult female prisoner.
This resulted in depression, and despite having physical medication, she has never attended a rehabilitation facility. Therefore, Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is the best choice for the depression. With the help of CBT, better ways of thinking, feeling as well as behaving will be fostered. The therapy also encompasses, anger management, moral, social skills while preventing behavioral relapse (Spinhoven, 2018).
Another treatment course is Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IP). The IP therapy evaluates how the victim/client relate to key people in their lives and then determines how such relationships could have contributed to the current behaviors (Thoder & Cautilli, 2012). Jessica happens to have a sour relationship with her mother who is reported as a drug addict rendering her breadwinner of the family. Her poor relationship with the mother, jail encounter, her minor age, and the massive responsibility as ‘parent’ and student results in depression. Application of the above therapies will have insurmountable benefits for Jessica, family, and community at large (Kendall, Emerson, Hartmann, Zinbarg & Donenberg, 2017).
The ethical concerns in juvenile cases are based on the environment of the adult prison and development of the Jessica. Jessica is a minor whose brain development is still underway. This presents challenges to the Jessica as she stands an increased risk of being negatively influenced by the adults or even assaulted. She cannot discern the effects or consequences of her actions. Additionally, the prison environment is very detrimental to the growth and development of the minors (Thoder & Cautilli, 2012). The hostile environment possesses higher chances of adversely influencing the minor so that they pick up more negative habits further worsening them. The hopelessness of the juveniles coupled with the fear of victimization and assault leads them to belong to the violent groups.
The forensic psychologist is confronted with ethical issues in considering whether Jessica is to be taken for rehabilitation or settle for criminal court. This will entail examining the justice and the best interests of the Jessica to establish a balance. Even though all psychology is not guided by specific formal guidance, they are required, according to their best judgment, employ the right model. The capacity of the Jessica to comprehend information, reasoning, decision making, its manifestation and manner in which it is done and the resultant need to be assessed (Shipley & Arrigo, 2012). The juvenile’s ability to make a well-informed decision regarding their lives and actions is a significant concern in ethical issue. Owing to the poor and limited development of the adolescents, the juvenile systems should be aimed at rehabilitation. This could save Jessica amongst others from the incarnation’s side effects and probable abuses. As a result, these minors will become better society members otherwise less hope awaits them if they suffer incarnation in the adult prisons.