Sugiyama argues that forager oral traditions are essential in the storing and sharing
useful information pertinent for reproduction and survival. In this view nevertheless, the prevalence of giants and monsters, otherwise referred to as anthropomorphic predators, in forager folklore is confusing. Whereas human challenges and issues might have been re-occurring from the past environment, witches, ogres, and giants are used to enforce discipline within this vulnerable population. The argument accurately preserves these populations, given that they are described to help children avoid unwarranted behaviors.
The predictable pattern in folkare content suggests that oral traditions are cognitive artifacts (Sugiyama 2012). Given that these aspects are traditionally transmitted and stored in the minds of storytellers and their audience, the memories are retained. Information that significantly grasp human attention and interests, and like emotions, are not random. In this respect, a specific aspect of the literature could grasps human attention, given that in traditional settings, such benefits were pronounced to individuals that paid attention to them. As such, narratives that have effective collective memory creates a motivational approach that is meant to be attuned to the objects, activities, and agents represented in the narratives. The reoccurrence of the real-life instances such as cheating, foraging risk, predator avoidance are themes witnessed in narratives which create the connection between remembering such narratives (Sugiyama 2012 p. 352).
Norezan, however, contends that emphasize on psychological factors which create an effective and deeper elaboration process of information which results in a higher propensity for recall. MCI narratives necessitate for deeper cognitive efforts in connecting the present happenings to background knowledge. In this respect, texts can create a higher recall degree (Norenzayana et al., p. 549). Additionally, MCI narratives are attuned to a higher memory advantage given that they incorporate divergent inferences with little cognitive efforts as showcased with the relevance theory. In line with Sugiyama’s argument, cognitive artifacts/templates create an effective relevance that is altered from usual expectations of the viewers/ reader including minimal counter intuitions. Through such an approach they end up getting the viewers/reader’s attention, hence creates further cognitive processing and increased interpretations which create a stabilized cognitive process. Nevertheless, Norenzayan postulates that if the impossible worlds appear connected to everyday life, then such supernatural narratives can be represented mentally, rehearsed and passed on to other generation (Boyer, 2003).
It is human nature to tell stories and inform other of life events, where both factual and intrinsic human aspects are discussed. There has been a dramatic shift in the way humans communicate and the need to shift from oral to literature approaches. Oral traditions incorporate songs chants and epic poetry, which has been transformed into written and published literature. Whereas written literature was shown in ancient Greek, the contemporary approach includes mass printing that enables significant access to information. The technological shift has seen the inception of social media, television, mobile media and the inclusion of motion pictures. Contrariwise, fiction has transformed the way supernatural is used in detailing specific themes in the contemporary society. The onset of Superman, Spiderman, Hulk, and X- men, to say these least has seen a significant transformation of humanization of these characters.
The inclusion of supernatural elements is essential in externalizing and creating emotional relief, a core aspect of the human problem which includes but not limited to death, meaninglessness and deception (Norenzayana et al., p. 550). Death in itself is experienced by 107 characters in the Star Wars trilogy. Arguably, death was perceived as the cessation of life functions, which renders the individuals unresponsive. The Nightsisters of Dathomir is seen to keep their dead in pods. This showcases how closely related elements are associated with humans and thus the relative cognitive relationship built in the trilogy. Sugiyima (2012), however, suggest that as monsters are seen to combine the two selection pressures. Adults believe that the inclusions of supernatural beings are an imperative aspect of the universe. In this respect, the trilogy creates an essential fusion between these believes and creates the curiosity to understand what could be beyond the universe.