Samples "Philosophers"

Philosophers

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Socrates Essay

Socrates is one of the most important and famous figures in western philosophy. Although there is little that exists of his actual teaching on its own, it is now known through the dialogues of his student Plato, which have become some of the most famous and influential pieces of philosophy...

600 words | 3 page(s)
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Descartes’ Philosophy

René Descartes (1596-1650) was a famous French philosopher and one of the first most prominent people of the modern period when European thinkers began to develop innovative theories in scholastic philosophy. His primary interests were in physics and mathematics with the major concern on “methodology, justification, and certainty” (Wolff 42)....

557 words | 3 page(s)
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Descartes’ Meditations

1. Descartes’ goal in the Meditations is to discover and establish an absolute certain truth that cannot be doubted. By achieving this goal, Descartes would therefore find a clear and indisputable foundation for all human knowledge. However, the problem with this approach is a type of skepticism and a form...

1244 words | 5 page(s)
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Thomas Aquinas and the Free Will

One of the prevailing topics in philosophy has been free will, and few figures have been as important in the study of free will than Thomas Aquinas. The thinker offered a number of explanations about free will, how human beings conceive of it, and whether it is truly free. To...

905 words | 4 page(s)
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Plato Philosophy Changed History

Plato is one of the greatest and most influential ancient philosophers, the founder of the first higher educational establishment in ancient Greece - the Academy of Athens, and the author of about fifty philosophical works, the most notable of them are “The Apology,” “The Republic,” and “Crito,”. Most of his...

997 words | 4 page(s)
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David Hume on the Soul and Immanuel Kant’s Reply

Explain why David Hume believes that the self does not really exist.What is Kant’s reply to Hume? For David Hume, there is no self in the way that we traditionally think of a “self”. What he means is that the self is not separate from when it is perceiving reality....

1242 words | 5 page(s)
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“The Knower’s Perception Is Essential In The Pursuit Of Knowledge”

After extensive examination of the statement, it is crucial to seek answers on whether knowledge would exist devoid of a knower’s perspective. Is it possible? It is evident that knowledge defines an aspect that is known and understood by a particular individual (Heydorn and Jesudason 153). Hence, knowledge must be...

481 words | 3 page(s)
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Descartes Meditation

1. For Descartes, “imagination” differs from pure “intellection” in that imagination allows one to form a clear and detailed picture in the mind’s eye. In contrast, “intellection” refers to an intellectual understanding of something that cannot be pictured clearly, because its form is beyond concrete conceptualization. An example might be...

510 words | 3 page(s)
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Understanding Marx

In fact, a Marxist term that used to mark the alienation derives from the German word Entfremdung which carries both social and philosophical connotations in its meaning. In the “Theory of Alienation,” Karl Marx refers to the outcomes of living in the socially stratified society. In that regard, alienation occurs...

627 words | 3 page(s)
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What Would Happen if People Lived Without Any State Authority over Them?

Abstract The question of what would happen if people lived without any state of authority over them has been debated for centuries. Since Hobbes and his Leviathan, the philosophers have tried to find explanations to the law of nature and it influences and organizes people. Locke included the notion of...

1460 words | 6 page(s)
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Karl Marx The Man Behind the Theory of Marxism

Karl Marx, born in 1818, was one of the most influential and subsequently, controversial theorists of his time. He was born in Prussia and studied economics and law at the collegiate level; however, he was far more than an economist. Instead, his theories are applicable to the world of philosophy,...

690 words | 3 page(s)
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Aristotle and Juvenile Delinquency

As children are born into society, there appears to be no way of knowing what the life of that child will entail as they grow into an age of independency and making decisions for themselves. It would seem that, given similar circumstances, all children would grow to have similar structures...

954 words | 4 page(s)
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Kant’s Moral Theory and its Applicability to Everyday Life

Both J.S. Mill and Immanuel Kant’s theories of Utilitarianism and Moral Theory, respectively, may apply to individuals’ lives and thus dictate different actions of persons based on specific situations. After learning about Mill’s Utilitarian Theory and how it aims at achieving happiness by any means, I found this did not...

1022 words | 4 page(s)
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Augustine

Fourth-century philosopher Augustine is well-known for being a devout Christian, and his “Confessions” work is a beloved piece of theological writing. However, he was not initially raised in a Christian household, and his own writings recounted him living a life dominated by physical pleasures. This is part of why it...

327 words | 3 page(s)
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Socrates’ Theory of the Human Soul and its connection to the Ideal CityUrban Sprawl and Resource Availability

In Phaedo, Socrates stated that he “[has] a firm hope that there is something in store for those who have died, and, as we have been told for many years, something much better for the good than for the wicked" (“Socrates & the Human Soul”). This quote is a succinct...

639 words | 3 page(s)
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Euthyphro and Apology

Plato presents Socrates’ experience of being discriminated and wrongly judged by Athenians as a result of his philosophical criticisms concerning some religious beliefs. Socrates believes that the wisdom Athenians possess is false as they are not able to explain some religious beliefs and practices. This is proven in Euthyphro’s attempt...

1106 words | 5 page(s)
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Bouwsma on Descartes’s Evil Genius

O.K. Bouwsma intends to examine what he calls Descartes’s boast, namely that the latter is capable of falsely believing all manner of things, including the existence of physical objects, and (at least initially) elementary truths of arithmetic. Like his hero Wittgenstein, Bouwsma is not content to make a philosophical contribution....

752 words | 3 page(s)
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Descartes and The Evil Demon

Rene Descartes was a metaphysics philosopher. He thought about the ways that we can know what is real and what is not real. In order for him to figure out what is real and not real he thinks that it is first necessary to remove any kind of doubt that...

931 words | 4 page(s)
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David Hume and Immanuel Kant on Self

David Hume is a philosopher, economist, essayist, and history who is known today for his radical skepticism, naturalism, and philosophical empiricism. Immanuel Kant is a philosopher who is considered a vital figure in modern philosophy. The purpose of this paper is to analyze two core questions. Explain why David Hume...

1228 words | 5 page(s)
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The Moral Perspective in Kant

The conception and the development of a particular moral standpoint or point of view is a crucial part of Kantian ethics. The particular view adopted by Kant forms the basis of his understanding of the moral subject as it exists in the actual world, alongside the duties and responsibilities which...

1209 words | 5 page(s)
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