Samples "Philosophy"

Philosophy

René Descartes (1596-1650) was a famous French philosopher and one of the first most prominent people of the modern period when European thinkers began to develop innovative theories in scholastic philosophy. His primary interests were in physics and mathematics with the major concern on “methodology, justification, and certainty” (Wolff 42)....

557 words

1. Descartes’ goal in the Meditations is to discover and establish an absolute certain truth that cannot be doubted. By achieving this goal, Descartes would therefore find a clear and indisputable foundation for all human knowledge. However, the problem with this approach is a type of skepticism and a form...

1244 words

In his essay “Five Steps from Novice to Expert”, Hubert Dreyfus makes the distinction between knowledge and practice. In short, his opening claim is that to know something is not the same as to know how to do something. This claim has two meanings. Firstly, it means that knowing how...

358 words

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One of the prevailing topics in philosophy has been free will, and few figures have been as important in the study of free will than Thomas Aquinas. The thinker offered a number of explanations about free will, how human beings conceive of it, and whether it is truly free. To...

905 words

Plato is one of the greatest and most influential ancient philosophers, the founder of the first higher educational establishment in ancient Greece - the Academy of Athens, and the author of about fifty philosophical works, the most notable of them are “The Apology,” “The Republic,” and “Crito,”. Most of his...

997 words

This paper focuses on the reflection of reality in human mind as it was seen and reflected upon by numerous philosophers, starting with Plato, through Rene Descartes and to modern philosophers, including Hilary Putnam. The works of the latter are recognizable by a modern person through a movie, called “Matrix....

656 words

When pondering if people always do what they desire most, the initial answer would be that yes, most people do. Although it would seem to be a fairly easy assumption, it is not as cut and dried as it would seem. There is a difference between people desiring to do...

1089 words

Process philosophy is a branch of philosophy which asserts that all aspects of reality are subject to change, and that there is no facet of reality which can be considered to be static. In many regards, process philosophy has impacted the United States government in myriad ways, including its approach...

1014 words

1. For Descartes, “imagination” differs from pure “intellection” in that imagination allows one to form a clear and detailed picture in the mind’s eye. In contrast, “intellection” refers to an intellectual understanding of something that cannot be pictured clearly, because its form is beyond concrete conceptualization. An example might be...

510 words