Positive expiratory pressure therapy (PEP) is a small device used by a patient to exhale using a mask. PEP Therapy device creates pressure in human lungs which keeps the airways from closing as illustrated by Lee et al. (2015). Therefore, the air that flows through the PEP device is useful in moving the mucus into the larger airway. Hence, a Huff Cough that follows this activity helps move the mucus out of the airways. PEP therapy, also known as TheraPEP or PEP Mask is mostly applied to children. This study gives an overview of Positive Expiratory Pressure Therapy.
Positive expiratory pressure therapy (PEP) is a small device used by a patient to exhale using a mask that creates pressure in human lungs which keeps the airways from closing. The lung disease’s impaired airway clearance is responsible for inflammation, destruction of lung tissues, and the recurring lung infections. The traditional methods of airway clearance that was prescribed in most healthcare institutions were Chest physiotherapy and Postural drainage (Osadnik et al., 2014). However, these prescriptions were time-consuming and labor-intensive for the patients to perform and thus, the recently adopted Positive Expiratory Pressure Therapy has been able to increase the efficiency and quality of care to the people with breathing complications. PEP therapy is often used as an alternative to CPT or PD.
Using the face-mask or PEP therapy device, the patient is able to breathe normally and then a slow exhalation into a one-way valve that is against the gentle resistance preset the health care physicians. The slow breathing exercise is often done repeatedly, 10 to 20 times, which is followed by a huff cough or else forced exhalation (Lee et al., 2015). This is done to clear any secretions’ airways that have been mobilized. The device pressurizes the air to go behind the secretions that move towards the larger airways to ease the rate at which it is expelled.
PEP therapy is usually performed between 15 to 20 minutes and twice a day depending on the patient’s medical stability. The Positive Expiratory Pressure Therapy device is useful in giving patients with long-term lung conditions great independence since the treatment can be carried out easily and conveniently without the caregiver’s assistance (Osadnik et al., 2014). This means that Positive Expiratory Pressure Therapy is done both in hospital settings and at homes increasing convenience and efficiency.
Besides being easy to use, Positive Expiratory Pressure Therapy possesses other more benefits to the patient’s wellbeing. For instance, PEP therapy reduces hospital stays since it is a home-based treatment that does not require the assistance of the caregivers. In addition, PEP therapy increases patient compliance as well as improving bronchodilation. PEP treatment reduces lung infections and the curses of antibiotics as well as improving the mucus clearance (Jordan, McSharry, & Malhotra, 2014). Similarly, PEP therapy increases patient comfort when compared other prescriptions such as CPT. After treatment, the PEP device should be placed in a clean paper towel to air dry.
Positive expiratory pressure therapy (PEP) is a small device used by a patient to exhale using a mask. PEP Therapy device creates pressure in human lungs which keeps the airways from closing. This paper has given an overview of Positive expiratory pressure therapy, how it works, and its benefits as well as maintenance. Using the face-mask or PEP therapy device, the patient can breathe normally and then a slow exhalation into a one-way valve that is against the moderate resistance preset the health care physicians (Jordan et al., 2014). It increases patient comfort in comparison with CPT. The device should also be placed in a clean paper towel to dry after treatment.