An article by Karamali et al. (2015) addresses the significance of Calcium and Vitamin D consumption and their impact on pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial method. It is believed that up to 14 percent of pregnancies involve a diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and may contribute to complications during pregnancy and at birth (Karamali et al., 2015). Therefore, it is believed that the consumption of Calcium and Vitamin D may be effective in reducing pregnancy-related complications in patients who have GDM (Karamali et al., 2015).

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In this study, 60 women with gestational diabetes who had newborns living in Iran were enrolled in the study and randomized into one of two groups: 30 participants who took Calcium and Vitamin D were between 24 and 28 weeks pregnant; and 30 participants who took the placebo (Karamali et al., 2015). The study also included measurements of maternal height and BMI as well as height and weight in newborns, with Apgar scores as an additional outcome related to the condition (Karamali et al., 2015). The study results indicate that among women who took Calcium plus Vitamin D, there were fewer cesareans and reduced hospitalizations as well as a reduced number of cases of macrosomia and hyperbilirubinaemia among newborns (Karamali et al., 2015).

This study demonstrates that there are likely benefits for women who have gestational diabetes in the prevention of pregnancy and birth complications. Women should examine their options with their physicians to determine the best possible options for vitamin consumption if they are diagnosed with gestational diabetes to improve their quality of life and to reduce related risks during pregnancy and at birth. Suitable nutritional supplementation should be considered during pregnancy to prevent complications and to ensure that patients have the best possible chance for a safe and healthy pregnancy and birth.