Question 1The big five personality traits were discovered through statistical analysis that was conducted to find out the characters that could co-occur in individuals’ descriptions about themselves or by other groups of people. First people who exhibit extraversion tend to have characters such as talkativeness, assertiveness, excitability, sociability and a high degree of emotional expressiveness. Under typical situations, such people will always be outgoing and will consequently gain significant amounts of energy in social situations. Second, individuals who exhibit agreeableness are characterized by their ability to be trustful and kind.
People with higher quantities of this trait are likely to become more competitive than the counterparts who will be made more manipulative and competitive. Third, Conscientiousness is characterized by people being thoughtful with goal-oriented behaviors. Fourth, neuroticism is a trait that is virtually dominated by sadness, moods, and emotional imbalance. Fifth and finally, people who exhibit openness have high chances of having a broad range of interests, imagination, and insights. These dimensions have great implications in as far as trying to find out more about strangers is concerned. For example, it provides an overview of the kind of person that an individual is making interaction with and how one should behave to ensure that there is a sense of understanding.
Trait approach tends to provide an overview of the durable characteristics in individuals. The typological approach focuses on the underlying qualitative differences that exist in people’s responses. There are four categories of personality types as justified by research; trusting, optimistic, pessimistic and envious. The limitation that is associated with the typological approach is that it overlooks at the similarities. In addition to that, it is not entirely great at predicting the behaviors of people. There is also a sense of obtaining little psychometric benefit while using typological approach. Finally, the typological approach is also disadvantageous because it focuses on specific attributes that belong to a particular society without necessarily offering in-depth analyses that could be separate the traits.