Study Purpose & Sample DescriptionNumerous quantitative articles lack important information and sampling; however, the article “”Race and Gender Equity in Sports” (Pickett, 2012) seems suitable. This article discusses bias and discrimination while showing that there is support for gender equality in sports.

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The purpose of this study was to showcase the ability and the power of the law of Title IX. The article defines the discrimination within a sports setting. Overall, the study focuses on how Title IX has benefited Black and White women across the nation. Society was discriminating against females in sport for many years since people saw sport as a male dominated area. The purpose of the article is to show that female athletes suffer from discrimination in sport.

The researchers conducted several samples. The participants were Black and White female students. Research provides the percentages of Black and White women who play certain sports. For example, “in 1996, the NCAA reported that Black women made up 15% of all female athletes and were concentrated within track and field and basketball.” (Pickett, 2012). In sports, like track and field and basketball, the Black female participation increases since 1996, while White female participation seems stable since 1990’s. However, some female athletes chose to play male dominated sports, which females did not have access to. Subjects of the research consisted of 17,000 tenth graders and later these same individuals as 12th graders. This sample researched participation in sports.

Research Method and Results
This article shows Correlational Research. The article identified that there is a discrimination problem concerning female athletes and the discrimination affects Black women more than White women in team sports. The research shows that the amount of Black female athletes increases, however, there is still room for growth. The method of data collection for this research was survey. The focus was on various surveys among Black and White females. Moreover, the researchers conducted a survey of female students of Latino race. The survey results verified that female participation and discrimination prevention in a sport setting still need a lot of work.

The researchers conducted a T-test with a focus on sports variability, student race, student gender, school region, school size, school poverty concentration, school urbanity. The results of the testing are disturbing

Further Research
The opportunities for further analysis may include focusing more on Latin and Asian female athletes since our country is extremely diverse. In addition to that, the research can focus on female injury risk in sports. There is a belief that female athletes playing male dominated sports or with male athletes have a high risk of injury.

Original Insight/Criticism & Implications
Threats to validity include the lack of surveys within this research. It also lacks questioners and test samples for further understanding. There is a need for broader research to help identify all angles and possible outcomes. In addition to that, the research shows a little bias towards Black female athletes compared to White or Latin female athletes. A study seems to focus more on Black female athletes than any other race. The research may focus on female athletes overall.

The implications of the findings proved that the Black female athletes’ participation has increased due to Title IX and its protection. The study also shows that the White female athletes have an easier transition into new sports leagues for females. Last, white female athletes have better opportunities because their respective schools offer more sports, while Black female athlete schools offer fewer sports. The article should have looked deeper in this concern.

  • Pickett, M., Dawkins, M., & Braddock, J. (2012, October 10). Race and Gender Equity in Sports. Have White and African American Females Benefited Equally From Title IX? CAS – Central Authentication Service. Retrieved February 8, 2017, from