Annette Hinkle, in her article “Designing Architecture that Makes a Difference”, implies that architecture has the power not only to evoke strong emotions but also to change lives when it is created for charitable purposes. Hinkle supports her implication with the example of Sharon Davis, a US architect who designed a community center for women survivors of Rwandan genocide in collaboration with non-profit organization Women for Women International and who has eventually made humanitarian projects a focal point of her architecture firm. Hinkle’s purpose is to show readers that modern architects can contribute to the community by incorporating charitable projects, while also being successful in commercial architecture. Hinkle establishes formal and impartial tone to discuss the matter, which primarily concerns architects and designers, while also addressing the general public interested in modern art tendencies. The article is structured as a history of Sharon Davis’ project and her overall career, with numerous direct quotations and minimum remarks of the author. The article is predominantly expository, as it unfolds one example in detail, without trying to persuade the readers of the author’s rightness.

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In her article “Are Renderings Bad for Architecture?”, Vanessa Quirk argues that architecture is becoming increasingly obsessed with perfect images that are detached from reality, posing it as a major problem of architecture education. The author backs up her argument by referring to authoritative art specialists and media contributors, who are opposed to architecture renderings because of their idealized presentation of projects. The purpose of Vanessa Quirk is to bring the problem of stylized and unreal renderings into light and stimulate discussion among the readers. The author uses informal, subjective and interactive tone to discuss the matter, which would mostly be of interest to art students and educators. The article is structured as the author’s argument against architecture idealization, followed by a series of questions to the readers. Therefore, the author does not provide her opinion on all the issues involved and leaves the problem open for discussion.

  • Hinkle, A. (2015, Jan. 20). Designing Architecture that Makes a Difference. The Sag Harbor Express. Retrieved from
  • Hinkle, A. (2015, Jan. 20). Designing Architecture that Makes a Difference. The Sag Harbor Express. Retrieved from