Steps to form a unionBuild an organizing committee
Come up with an issues program
Sign-up majority on membership cards
Fill an election petition
Set election date
Conduct an NLRB election
Prepare for negotiations
Negotiations and ratifications
Join the union

The process of forming a union in the private sector is different compared to the private sector. The private sector provides its employees with power over bargaining. The leaders bargain for more benefits even though they know that it may lead to bankruptcy. However, the public sector represents the interests of employees within the public sectors and in the governmental organizations. Additionally, public unions do not bargain with the taxpayers who pay the bills. In public sectors, when employees go on strike, they have no penalty for being absent from work. The main difference between these two sectors is that, in private sectors, employees must respect the decisions made by their employer whereas in the public sector, this is not observed (Charlwood 464).

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The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and the Federal Labor Relations Authority (FLRA) both play different roles in the labor relations. The NLRB mainly works with the private sector. It conducts elections to determine whether employees want their union to be represented. It also investigates and rectifies the unfair labor practices conducted by employers and unions (Cooke 595). The FLRA is an independent agency which is responsible for the labor-management relations program for non-postal federal employees. It also provides leadership in coming up with policies and offers guidance on issues related to labor management disputes.

Unions are formed when a group of employees form an organizing committee that comes up with an issues program, sign up a majority on membership cards, fill an election petition and finally win the election. Employees form unions in order for them to seek for better pay at work, better treatment and better benefits. All employees who are a part of the labor force are allowed to join or form a union legally. Managers of organizations however, are not allowed to join a union and are considered to be a part of the company’s management rather than its labor force. The NLRA does not protect employers (Friedman 175).

    References
  • Charlwood, A. (2002). Why do Non–union employees want to unionize? evidence from britain.British Journal of Industrial Relations, 40(3), 463-491.
  • Cooke, W. N. (1994). Employee participation programs, group-based incentives, and company performance: A union-nonunion comparison. Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 47(4), 594-609.
  • Friedman, M. (2007). The social responsibility of business is to increase its profits. In Corporate ethics and corporate governance (pp. 173-178). springer berlin heidelberg.