The environment the child is exposed to from the time he/she is born has both positive and negative influence in his/her current situation (Schore N and Schore J, 2008). The first instinct of the mother or primary care giver is to create an attachment bond of communication bond with the infant. The mother achieves this through being psychobiological attuned to the dynamic shifts in the infant’s baby internal states of central and automatic arousal. She can achieve this by appraising nonverbal expressions of the infant’s arousal and then reflects these effective states, both negative and positive.During the affective communications. This enable the development of the infant’s nervous system (ANS) and central nervous system (CNS).
The basic building blocks of attachment of the child are created by positive arousal and interactive repair that modulates states of negative arousal. According to Schonkoff, Boyce and McEwen, (2008), the child becomes a person achieving a ‘psychological birth’ through attunement, mis-attunement, and re-attunement. Hence, the child’s emotion is regulated by others but at the course of infancy he/she regulates it him/herself, hence, developing his/her neurophysiology. Therefore, the relationship the child has with the mother from birth enabled him to develop: ability to regulate psychobiological states of emotions through interactions with or without other humans.
A current developmental brain study showed that the relationship between the mother and the child served as a regulator of the developing child homeostasis. Attachment behavior is considered a main organizer of brain development (Schonkoff et al., 2009). Hence, attachment relationships are considered to be very important. Also the relationship between the mother and the infant promotes the development and maintenance of synaptic connections during the establishment of functional circuits of the right brain. Through infancy to adulthood this relationship involves implicit processes and control of vital functions supporting survival, hence, enabling the child to cope with challenges and stresses.
The relationship between the mother and child might affect the recommendations made for treatment interventions (Schore J and Schore N, 2008). There have been several studies by advance biology on how early experiences and exposure are biologically embedded and; have lifelong consequence. A research conducted in 2008 showed there was need to have more effective approach in childhood to prevent cardiovascular diseases. This can be prevented through engaging the child in: proper diet; physical activity and consideration of pharmacologic treatment of dyslipidemia as early as the age of 8. Premature death and chronic morbidity can be reduced through reducing significant disadvantages early in life.
Despite of various researches that support the notion that early adversities may amplify long term disease risk, they also show individual differences in the magnitude or direction of such effects. A study conducted showed that 61% individuals who suffered from emotional abuse during their childhood developed major depression in their adulthood compared to the ones who did not experience emotional abuse during their childhood, 18.5%. Basing from the above it can be seen there is a clear relationship between the child childhood experience and his adulthood health
According to the theory human emotions and behavior are fueled by unconscious forces within a social cultural matrix. The relationship between the mother and the child is very important and; at the same time it can affect the child’s adulthood negatively. Despite of the importance of the relationship between the child and the mother the relationship should be healthy and beneficial in the child’s adulthood.