One of the most important natural resources in Texas is its soil. The soils are complex and come in a wide variety of types. They have different properties and can be used for different purposes. In fact, there are more than 1,300 different kinds of soils that are recognized in Texas (Soils of Texas). The state is divided into “21 Major Land Resource Areas that have similar or related soils, vegetation, topography, climate, and land uses” (Soils of Texas). The types of soils that are found in Texas are divided between areas around the state.

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The first area includes the Trans-Pecos Soils; the second area contains the Upper Pecos, Canadian Valleys, and Plain Soils; and the third area consists of the High Plains Soils (Soils of Texas). These three areas cover the entire Western border of the state of Texas, along with the top part of the state. The fourth, fifth, and sixth areas that are listed contain Rolling Plains, North Central Prairie, and Edwards Plateau Soils (Soils of Texas), which cover a large part of the central part of Texas, along with a portion of the western part of the state.

The seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, and eleventh soil areas contain Central/Llano Basin, Northern Rio Grande Plain, Western Rio Grande Plain, Central Rio Grande Plain, and Lower Rio Grande Valley soils (Soils of Texas). These soils cover the lowest part of Texas. Continuing with the next soil areas in the northeastern parts of Texas, there are the Western Cross Timbers and Eastern Cross Timbers soils (Soils of Teas), which make up for the twelfth and thirteenth areas.
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Out of the 21 soil areas in Texas, there are eight remaining types. These soils cover the eastern border of Texas. They include Grand Prairie, Post Oak/Claypan, East Texas Timberland, Coast Prairie, Coast Saline Prairies, Gulf Coast Marsh, and Flatwoods areas (Soils of Texas). Finally, there is the state soil of Texas, which is called “Houston Black” (State Soils). The Houston Black can be found in the grouping of the Blackland Prairie soils (Soils of Texas), and it is a dark-colored clay.

  • “Soils of Texas.” Texas Almanac. Web. .
  • “State Soils.” United States Department of Agriculture. Web. .