The environment we live in provides the necessary basic utilities we require in our life. Tree and water are the sources of livelihood to all human beings. Agriculture seems to be an independent practice, but indirectly it depends on the forests and water sources. Therefore, conserving water and forestry is important in nature. To manage the environment, structured decision-making process is required, which may provide adequate solutions on the measures to undertake to protect such environmental components from climate changes.
Some of the methods used in obtaining structured decision-making to manage the environment include brainstorming, observing the environment where destruction has not been committed and using common sense (Dan, 2005). To start with, brainstorming, environmentalists sit on a round table and discuss various problems that the forests, water, and agriculture are facing. The members in the group are then given time to think over the problems for some time. Any member who succeeds to raise a potential solution, he talks about his idea, which is discussed and implemented if it becomes viable. The second strategy is through observing the environment. Places where humans have not started to carry out their destructive activities are observed and using the natural setting observed, the environmentalists might try to re-pattern the destroyed forests and water sources in order to make them resume their naturalness.
The last strategy on the use of common sense provides most of the ideas used in strategic decision-making. Environmentalists and other people use their knowledge about natural phenomenon such as planting trees along water sources may result to the source drying (Gerald, 2010).
According to Dan et al, (2005) Structured decision-making in conserving water and forest is of great importance. Forests attract rainfall and places where forests have been destroyed experience long dry spells. Agriculture cannot be favored in such places since one requires irrigation water, which may be expensive to obtain, while regions with plenty of trees have a regular pattern of rainfall that support agricultural activities.
Water is a source of livelihood, lack of water can be compared to the lack of oxygen in the atmosphere. Conserving water through strategies such as dams enables life to continue when pronged drought spells set in. Water is important in irrigating crops, cooking and washing. For the protection of water masses, strategic decisions have to be considered and implemented (Robins, 2002).
Trees act as wind arrestors and carbon IV oxide absorbers. If strategic decisions are not implemented, forests will be destroyed leaving the environment bare and exposed to the hazards of strong wind. Motors produce a lot of carbon IV Oxide in the atmosphere, but the trees absorb about 90% of the Carbon IV oxide cleaning the environment from experiencing air pollution. Hence, it is necessary to formulate strategic decisions (Gerald et al., 2010).
The tool of structured decision-making can be utilized well in increasing the production level of agricultural produce. If the government and environmentalists employ the tool, irrigation water and rainfall will be available for crops throughout. The tool can also be employed in distributing excess farm produce to the market. Such ensures the country does not lose all its produce to trade (Dan et al., 2005).
In conclusion, strategic decision-making is important in conserving forests and water resource. Forests attract rainfall and water can be used for irrigation, therefore, if well conserved, the agricultural production sector of a nation can improve adequately.