Note the changes that occurred in the Eighteenth Century, Nineteenth Century, and Twentieth Century as noted in the text Ballet continued to redefine its role in theatrical productions and the vocabulary of the dance (also known as the codified steps of Ballet)

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Understand the relationship of music and movement in ballet. Who are important composers mentioned in the text?
The relationship between ballet and music dates from the early years of ballet. The most important composers and choreographers in this regard were Filippo Taglioni, Jean Coralli, and Jules Perrot. They came up with the ideas of romantic ballet, which utilized music.

Understand the division of dancers in Classical Ballet
There were three broad divisions; Corps de ballet, soloists, and principals

Understand the different Pas de Deux order of events, importance and the meaning of the term.
Literally translated to the Step of Two, the term is Ballets meaning of duet. The different order of events include Adagio duet, the entrance, male variation, final coda, and female variation.

Understand the characteristics of the Corps de Ballet
Include all those who do not feature as soloists or principals but are on stage. Often dance in canon and unison and comprise a large group of performers.

Contemporary Ballet was started where and who is Michel Fokine, Matthew Bourne and Nijinsky? Why are they important to contemporary ballet?
Contemporary ballet originated from Russia in the early twentieth century. The rise of this form of ballet was mainly due to the works of chief choreographer Michael Fokine. Fokine’s ballet Ruses employed Nijinsky as a choreographer. As a choreographer, he introduced the taboo themes, such as sexual discourse to ballet.

Please note all changes that occurred in Contemporary Ballet -Who is Matthew Bourne?
Matthew Bourne made choreographed a dance in London in 1995 that was highly innovative and changed the entire face of contemporary ballet.


Ambrosio. “Modern Dance” in Learning About Dance.
-Why did Modern Dance Happen? What was it a reaction to?
Early choreographers of modern dance developed it principally as a way of revolting against perceived as the restrictions of ballet. Initially, the audiences did not like this departure from the traditional rules of ballet but became used to it with time

What was Isadora Duncan responsible for rejecting and where did she start movement?
Duncan resisted ballet since she felt that the pointe shoes and the costumes used for ballet were too confining. Moreover, she thought that the vocabulary of ballet also confined her. She also wanted a form of dance that seemed natural and expressive and was inspired by nature. She started her modern dance in America where the audiences largely saw her as a rebel. However, her style was appreciated and welcomed by the audiences in Europe and Asia.

Know the influences of the Denishawn School, who its founders were, what the founders did after the school dissolved as well as the influential students from the school
The school influenced pioneers of early modern dance including silent film star Louise Brooks, Jack Cole, Charles Weidman, Lillian Powell, Doris Humphrey, and Martha Graham.

What is the important shift of the 1950’s in reference to Post Modern movement?
The main cause for the shift in the 1950s was the desire of the dancers and choreographers of that time to depart from the teachings of their predecessors. This group perceived the traditional styles as too rigorous and requiring a long period of learning and training for one to perform on stage.

Understand the influence, development, and important movement of the technique developed by each of these dancers and the importance of their performances/themes of their performances:
Merce Cunningham: presented ideas comparable to Balanchine’s plotless ballets
Paul Taylor: Influenced the pedestrian movement

Understand the importance and role of the Judson Dance Theater and where its name came from as well as the importance of its members and what they did during the 1960s and 1970s as well as after
Improved pedestrian movement through numerous experiments

Who are the current choreographers of note from the article?
Notable choreographers of the current generation include Doug Elkins, Jennifer Muller, and Ron Brown. Others include David Dorfman, Bebe Miller, Mark Morris, and Bill. T. Jones.