The scientific method is a set of steps and procedures that are used by scientists in the study and discovery certain ideologies (Harris, 2014). This procedures provide an objective and formal approach towards the scientific studies. This starts with the formulation of general question that defines the scope of the research. This is followed by narrowing down to focus on the specific area of research. Then the experiment is designed after stating the hypothesis and manipulating the variables. This is followed by observing the experiment and recording the observations. Strategic analysis of the data follows to establish the trends through manipulation of the results (Harris, 2014). The results of the research are then organized and communicated through the appropriate presentations.
The scientific method is very crucial towards invention and innovation. This is because they eliminate some aspects under study. This is through the provision of refining procedures that eliminates bias attributes in the experiments (Harris, 2014). The method also lays a big role in ensuring that the experimenter’s point of view and ideas do not cloud the judgment in the conclusion of the experiment. The filtering process provides a standardized approach that guides all scientific investigations and thus reducing the chances of acquiring preconceived notions.
Pseudoscience describes believes and claims offered as scientific (Schermer, 2011). However, this claim does not adhere to any scientific method. It fails to conform to the scientific method because it lacks validation through supporting evidence that can be relied upon to draw the conclusions. In the development of pseudoscience, there are no systematic procedures that develop the theories used. Unlike other scientific ideologies, it is rationally invalid (Schermer, 2011).
Alexander Fleming was born at Lochfield, Scotland, on August 6, 1881 (Nobel Prize, 2014). He attended his early Education locally in Ayrshire. He later transferred to London where he attended the polytechnic education. He worked for four years in a shipping office before he joined St. Mary’s Medical School in London. He qualified in 1906 and studied scientific research Sir Almroth Wright. He advanced his education and became a lecturer at St. Mary’s between 1908 and 1914. He served up to the level of a professor and was later elected to serve as a Fellow of the Royal Society in London.
In his endeavors of studying influenza in 1928, Fleming noticed that there was an unusual development of the mould. This was by creation of a bacteria-free circle around its tissues. After further studies on the bacterial substances through sensitivity titrations. He discovered that there was an active substance in the tissues. He named this substance penicillin (Nobel Prize, 2014). His scientific work is one of the greatest in today’s scientific studies. Besides his strategic scientific discovery of penicillin, he is remembered for his significant contributions in the study of science today. His discovery and scientific ideas have been published widely in scientific and medical journals and thus enhancing scientific research in the 21st century. He has written numerous papers on immunology, bacteriology and chemotherapy. His original descriptions of penicillin and lysozyme have created a big impact in the scientific research arena (Nobel Prize, 2014).
- Harris, W. (2014). How Scientific Method Works. Scientific Experiments. Retrieved from http://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/scientific-experiments/scientific-method6.htm
- Nobel Prize, (2014). Sir Alexander Fleming. Nobel Prize. Retrieved from http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1945/fleming-bio.html
- Schermer, M. (2011). What is Pseudoscience? Scientific American. September 2011. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/what-is-pseudoscience/