Dawes Severalty Act The Dawes Severalty Act was named after Senator Henry Laurens Dawes. It was signed in 1887 by President Grover Cleveland with the goal of assimilating Native Americans into the American society. The Act empowered the President to divide reservation lands into pieces that would be distributed among Native Americans. It reinforced further discrimination and abuse of Native Americans for the sake of taking their lands.
Social Security Act
The Social Security Act was passed in 1935, during Roosevelt’s Presidency. It was enacted with the purpose of providing federal financial assistance to vulnerable populations such as elderly and unemployed. The Act was the first federal attempt to create a system of financial support for the elderly.
Battle of Little Bighorn
The Battle of the Little Bighorn took place on June 25, 1876. It was named after the Little Bighorn River, where it was fought. It involved Cheyenne and Lakota Sioux groups that fought against federal troops headed by Lieutenant Colonel Custer. The battle became a major defeat of the federal troops during the Plains Indian Wars. It also marked the most remarkable victory of Native Americans in the struggle for their lands and heritage.
Schenk v. United States
The Supreme Court case was considered in 1919. Charles Schenk, a well-known socialist, was found guilty for violating the Espionage Act. He was caught distributing dangerous flyers among American servicemen. That was the first precedent when the First Amendment was used to limit a citizen’s right to free speech.
Plessey v. Ferguson
The case was decided on June 7, 1892. The court found Homer Plessy guilty of using the “white” car on the railroad, even though he was a Creole of Color. The decision reinforced the constitutionality of racial segregation in America, creating a new “separate but equal” doctrine.
“Muckraker” was a term used to define a group of journalists working in the U.S. before the First World War. Muckrakers were brave in exposing the difficulties of the growing social inequality that accompanied industrialization in the U.S. They gave rise to the muckraking movement, which led to the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution came into action on July 9, 1868. It was designed to protect the basic citizenship rights and, at the same time, guarantee equal protection of the laws. Like other Reconstruction Amendments, the 14th Amendment became a vital historical event, which assured that everyone was equal in the face of law, regardless of their race, sexual orientation, gender, or any other demographic characteristics.
The Wagner Act was passed in 1935. It was also known as the National Labor Relations Act of 1935. It is one of the most important elements of labor law in the U.S. The Wagner Act gave workers the right to unite into labor unions and use their unionized position as an instrument of collective bargaining. Even though the Act was later amended, it changed the structure of labor relations in the U.S., making employees more powerful in their striving to defend their workplace rights.
Thomas Edison was born on February 11, 1847, in Ohio. He became the author of numerous revolutionary inventions, including the phonograph, the electric light bulb, and a stock ticker. Edison authored more than 1,000 patents during his lifetime. His inventions are still used in all spheres of human life.
Seneca Falls was the first convention for women held at the Wesleyan Chapel in New York on July 19, 1848. The event was organized by Elizabeth Cady and Lucretia Mott, two female abolitionists who were passionate about protecting women’s rights. The convention was followed by similar events, which set the stage for the emergence of women’s suffrage movement.