Research studies have been indicating that trust is a crucial aspect at any level of leadership. Leaders should show their followers that they can be trusted to implement their leaderships effectively. Far from that, traits such willingness to serve others is an important character that cultivates effective leaders. In addition to that, leaders should be commanding and have good decision making skills. Leaders influence others by guiding and coordinating them to undertake their duties. The sources of power that are used by various leaders are essentially cultivated from their abilities to lead others by making rational decisions. Nonetheless, legitimate power is primarily a type of leadership where leaders are considerate to the needs of their followers and more importantly, they use their leadership positions to lead others in a legitimate manner.

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The idea behind the underlying relationship between leaders and offering of rewards and punishments is that leaders are assumed to bear the responsibilities of instilling ethics and encouraging their followers. Besides that, it is assumed that rewards and punishments are important drivers that define leadership structures. Understanding the relationship between leaders and given groups is important for the structuring of the effective leadership style that should be adopted. Leader-member exchange quality is essentially the type of leadership where leaders and their followers are both involved in making important decisions.

Consequently, leader-member exchange quality is the best type of leadership practice in the sense that every leadership stakeholder including the followers is involved in the structuring of the culture and activities of their organizations. Far from that, behaviors of leaders are instrumental in the motivation of the employees given that they instill the culture of hard work amongst their followers. Finally, ethics are important aspects of leadership because it enables both the leaders and their followers to understand their tasks and boundaries in the various undertakings. However, some people abuse ethics in work environments. For example, some employees may discriminate others basing on the cultural or religious backgrounds.