It took some good period of time before women were allowed to vote. The campaign advocating for change of constitution took almost a hundred years. The suffrages could not have been successful until activists and reformers together. There were many factors derailing the struggles since in many cases they failed to agree on the strategies to employ. In early 20th century the constitution was ratified to accommodate the changes and women could henceforth be able to vote. Comments of Professor Kuhlman and Professor Woodworth-Ney, and a text from Professor Foner explains the process on concurring and contrasting terms.
It was during the Seneca Falls convention held in the year 1848, which the advocating of women suffrage was discussed openly in a political gathering. Both professor Kuhlman and Professor Woodworth-Ney agree on some issues while they also differ in some. According to them, the attainment of women suffrage did not grant women equal rights to men. However, they come to equal terms by expressing the milestones this constitution ratification made towards democracy. Through these suffrages, women were brought nearer to the nation and gave them a sense of belonging. By being allowed to vote, they felt more of citizens and not aliens. They felt they had a chance to give out their opinions and present their problems. This constitutional changes were just the beginning of the long process towards full establishment of democracy, which was achieved in the late 20th century. The two history professors however give contradictory views on the trends and pattern the suffrage process took. According to Prof. Kuhlman, the spread was gradual and procedural.
On religious grounds, the protestant dominated states were first to subdue to pressure followed by catholic and then others. With a specific example given on how reluctant Canada was to allow women suffrages. She also tells of how late African countries were to accommodate changes in their constitution. With some countries waiting until mid-1980s. Prof. Woodworth-Hey however, argues that there exist no defined path that this evolutional changes followed. She speaks of inability to explain the spreads being from east to west or north to south. But she does agree that western states were easy to convince.
The global revolutions in the 19th century can be attributed as the main grounds which invigorated the struggles for women right to vote. More women were earning positions in offices, becoming secretaries, photographers, birthrates were reducing and industrial economy was experiencing radical changes. This further boosted the increase in their voices. The movements became political and women issues were now becoming political issues. Domestic concerns were also gaining political upstream. They were also seeking for educational reforms and polygamous marriages changes. This concerns were not fully sorted by implementation of women suffrage clause, since the passage of suffrage is limiting. The concerns however were to be ramified in future with impacts of the passage. Granting of women a voting right was a revolutionary process and was motivated by changes in the society over time.
The struggles for women to be accorded voting right was a long process. A process full of challenges and set-backs. And although women did not attain equality with men, it was a success towards achieving democracy.