Based on a number of research based studies and reports, it is true and evident that Zimbabwe is one of the third world countries in Southern Africa (Polonsky et al., 12). Zimbabwe is a landlocked country and it is bordered by Zambia in the north, Mozambique in the east as well as Botswana and South Africa in the south (Matavire 35). The current president of the country is known as Robert Mugabe and the country managed to achieve independence from Britain in late 1980. There are several challenges and problems including social, political as well as economic and environmental based problems that have faced the country (Polonsky et al., 14). For example, the country mostly face social and environmental problems such as high levels of drought, high levels of poverty as well as other poor economic conditions leading to high levels of unemployment in the region (Polonsky et al., 16). In that sense, the main aim, purpose and objective of this research paper is to provide, research and discuss Zimbabwe’s health care issues and environmental issues.

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Based on a number of research studies and reports, it is evident and true that Zimbabwe is one of the several third world countries in the African region (Steckling et al., 204). It is located in southern Africa and mostly experience high levels of social, political as well as economic and environmental problems. It is also true that the country has a very poor health care system and majority of individuals in the country experience various health care problems including HIV/AIDS epidemic problems (Steckling et al., 202). Furthermore, out of the total thirteen million people in the country about twelve million people in the region are poor especially due to poor political and social practices in the country. Life expectancy in the country is estimated at forty and it is believed that HIV/AIDS epidemic is the main cause of the lower life expectancy in the country. Due to high levels of HIV/AIDS, the country also experience high levels of child mortality rates with more than half of deaths among children under the age of five years (Chung, Adrienne and Rajiv 362).

It is also worth noting that the country mostly experience high levels of unemployment as well as other problems related to political tensions (Sango, Ishumael, and Nhamo 6). For example, land issue is a problem in the country and majority of the rich in the region usually exploit the poor in the society (Sommer, Marni, and Kristin 1981). Other problems such as high levels of drought, lack of food and ineffective economic policies has also rendered the country one of the poorest country globally (Sango, Ishumael, and Nhamo 5).

Moreover, the country has a poor family health care planning program and some of the major diseases affecting individuals in the country include malaria, Tuberculosis, Malnutrition as well as diarrhea and mental health care problems among many other health care problems (Choguya 8).

Based on the environmental issues, it is true and evident that Zimbabwe experiences several environmental problems including air pollution, deforestation, and soil erosion as well as other land degradation problems (Choguya 10). Water pollution and other poor environmental policies also form some of the major problems in the country (Problem-Solving Therapy for Depression and Common Mental Disorders in Zimbabwe 824). In order to reduce and control these environmental problems, the country should adopt proper and effective environmental policies including embracing diversity and afforest-ration practices among other environmental friendly practices in their industries. It is also true that poaching, overgrazing and soil erosion are part of environmental problem in Zimbabwe (Kanyangarara 10).

Therefore, in order to reduce, prevent and control these environmental and health care problems in the country, the government should formulate and implement good policies and procedures. This may include the adoption of effective political and social practices that covers human rights practices. The government should also adopt policies that will reduce health care problems such as HIV/AIDS in the country (Kanyangarara 11). There is also need for the provision of good farming practices and adoption of new technologies in the food production systems in the country.